nutrient requirements of dairy cattle pdf

122 0 Td /T1_0 9 Tf ET /T1_0 9 Tf 380.44 382.14 57.16 10.86 re 107.008 0 Td the animal, and occur in sufficient quantities to meet animal requirements. (0.18)Tj Nutrient Requirements of the Young Calf, 12. BT 499.78 437.58 63.28 10.86 re (1.00)Tj ET 0 0 0 rg BT (1.00)Tj 370 0 l 276 439 Td 524 384 Td An ebook is one of two file formats that are intended to be used with e-reader devices and apps such as Amazon Kindle or Apple iBooks. 0 0 0 rg (0.27)Tj /T1_1 9 Tf /T1_0 9 Tf BT ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 380.44 576.18 57.16 10.86 re The committee also provides guidance on how nutrient analysis of feed ingredients, insights into nutrient utilization by the animal, and formulation of diets to reduce environmental impacts can be applied to productive management decisions. 194.8 548.46 58.18 10.86 re BT (0.90)Tj 524 411 Td 439.6 548.46 58.18 10.86 re /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 m 194.8 631.62 58.18 10.86 re 65 0 Td Calcium requirements are similar to those in the 1984 NRC report because new information is not sufficient to justify a change. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 58 633 Td /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 m BT 0 0 0 rg 276 411 Td 65 0 Td 380.44 603.9 57.16 10.86 re 517 0 l 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 52 576.18 140.8 10.86 re 0 0 0 rg 439.6 382.14 58.18 10.86 re 254.98 603.9 57.16 10.86 re (.26)Tj 58 0 Td 0 0 0 rg Comparison of colostrum, transition milk (harvested between 24 and 72 hours) and whole milk from dairy cows. It defines the responses of animals, in weight change, milk production and wool growth, to quantitative and qualitative changes in their feed supply. q 1 0 0 1 379 658 cm 194.8 520.74 58.18 10.86 re 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (copy: ) Tj Carbohydrate Chemistry and Feed Processing, 16. BT 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg q 1 0 0 1 193 698 cm S [(0.07)-4610(0.05)]TJ 314.14 520.74 64.3 10.86 re 462 522 Td (Ca)Tj BT Q 0 0 0 rg (Soybeans)Tj Date 10-15-2006 This Feed Management BT 462 605 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 65 0 Td See exhibit 6–1 for kinds of animals (beef and dairy cattle, sheep, goats, and horses) and representative breed types. The book includes a user-friendly computer program on a compact disk, accompanied by extensive context-sensitive "Help" options, to simulate the dynamic state of animals. The new revision includes requirements for energy, protein, minerals, and vitamins of calves, growing heifers, dry cows, and lactating cows. 404 411 Td /T1_0 9 Tf /Arial 11 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg ET 0 0 m (.10)Tj 58 439 Td If the price decreases, we will simply charge the lower price.Applicable discounts will be extended. B 2. ET ET 65 0 Td BT - National academy press,Washington D.C., 2001. (.08)Tj Q 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B /T1_0 9 Tf 530 673 Td ET 0 0 0 rg 0 0 0 rg 159 0 Td (1.10)Tj (.16)Tj ( ---)Tj 0 0 0 rg BT 0 0 m 276 384 Td 0 0 0 rg 0 0 0 rg 0 0 m 462 550 Td Q S 141 0 l Nutrient requirements for dairy cows in late lactation are shown in Table 1. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg /T1_0 9 Tf H��VyPS�>7K����'�aSdك����YY�� G�qD��@QQ�Y�-�bT���2VTP[�ݠ��c���^ϙ{�|�����=�� �.zÁ/�*_���B �B tľ^�>;'w�@O �eߐ`F�ںr uP���X���Jf( 7~D�bF�w)� �s1��( �����Gq) �M�ku�M) ��@��π�,wO ޮC��Z����}[ޣx7 �\�@���u �� �x3;MD�4�� �� ������� ��żxV� �%��x����2��$��(�~� 1���,$(eNdʼn�XV̓��@��F���д]�Ń(6K��ң�[�� �cc�. -466 -14 Td 0 0 0 rg Copy the HTML code below to embed this book in your own blog, website, or application. 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg q 1 0 0 1 51 744 cm Nutrient Requirements of Domesticated Ruminants draws on the most up-to-date research on the energy, protein, mineral, vitamin and water requirements of beef and dairy cattle, sheep and goats. An uncorrected copy, or prepublication, is an uncorrected proof of the book. B 122 0 Td It addresses the management of lactating dairy cows, utilization of fat in calf and lactation diets, and calf and heifer replacement nutrition. B BT (Sunflower meal)Tj 0 0 0 rg All of the previous factors mentioned have an additive effect on the nutrient requirements of cattle. 52 520.74 140.8 10.86 re ET [(0.46)-4943(0.01)]TJ /T1_0 9 Tf 29.348 0 Td (0.30)Tj ET (\(%\))Tj ET 439.6 409.86 58.18 10.86 re BT B 466 467 Td ET 58 522 Td S Pierre et al., 2003) in many dairy-producing areas of the world. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B (Wheat, midds)Tj Calcium requirements of lactating dairy cows are high relative to other species or to nonlactating cows because of the high calcium concentration in milk. Dairy cows are at high risk of grass tetany (staggers) particularly on lush grass rich in potassium and nitrogen in cold, wet, conditions. -469 -14 Td ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B ( ---)Tj New features allow users to pinpoint nutrient requirements more accurately for individual animals. BT /T1_0 9 Tf Q BT B 439.6 520.74 58.18 10.86 re 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 52 631.62 140.8 10.86 re (---)Tj 0 0 0 rg (\(%\))Tj 0 0 0 rg (.20)Tj ET (Archival ) Tj 0 0 m 254.98 409.86 57.16 10.86 re 358 Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle TABLE UG-4 Target Weights for Dairy Heifers Reproductive Stage 1St breeding 1St calving (post- partur~tion) 2nd calving 3rd calving Target 650 kg % of MW MW 55% 82% 92% 100% 358 533 598 650 800 kg 400 kg MW MW 440 656 736 800 220 328 368 400 For heifers before conception, target daily gain to weight at first breeding is: ((Mature weight x 0.55) … -2 -12 Td (.60)Tj Q ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg /T1_0 9 Tf S Phos-phorus requirements for maintenance are lower 499.78 631.62 63.28 10.86 re 380.44 409.86 57.16 10.86 re q 1 0 0 1 51 744 cm 314.14 576.18 64.3 10.86 re 58 0 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg In addition, the many useful tables include updated nutrient composition for commonly used feedstuffs. 65 0 l BT 0 0 0 rg 380.44 493.02 57.16 10.86 re [(0.30)-4943(0.09)]TJ /Artifact <>BDC ET (Soybean meal)Tj 0 0 0 rg (K)Tj 339 439 Td [(1.10)-4943(0.95)]TJ 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 524 605 Td ET [(0.40)-4610(0.15)]TJ ISBN 0-309-06997-1 1. ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 0 0 rg Q S uuid:50a12eee-d93d-4992-acc6-baa6e6dafbd5 In 2001, the NRC published the Seventh Revised Edition of the Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. /T1_1 9 Tf 0 0 m 52 493.02 140.8 10.86 re 314.14 603.9 64.3 10.86 re q 1 0 0 1 565 700 cm 254.98 520.74 57.16 10.86 re 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg - 408 p. Subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition, Committee on Animal Nutrition, National Research Council ISBN: 0-309-51521-1 Since 1944, the National Research Council has published six editions of Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. B (0.80)Tj (for ) Tj Includes bibliographical references (p. ). Minerals are important for: Good body functions Growth (bones) Growth of fetus Milk production The minerals needed in largest amounts (macro minerals) by the dairy cow include: calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chlorine, sulfur, and potassium. /T1_0 9 Tf Q The application features Inputs, Reports, Ration, and Feeds which means you have the possibility to define all the parameters before running the full simulation within the program. Table 1, Table 2 and Table 3 show the nutrient requirements of dairy cattle as developed by the National Research Council (1988). 371 687 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg BT BT Q S (0.18)Tj ET (Mineral composition of feeds commonly used in dairy cattle rations \(as \ fed\). ET 2. Due to their high productivity, the nutritional requirements of cows in specialized tropical dairy farms are difficult to meet. (Yeast, brewers)Tj BT 0 0 0 rg (.07)Tj ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B 217 411 Td S ET Free supporting materials are available for this report. 439.6 437.58 58.18 10.86 re Calculations of nutrient requirements and their interactions are integrated by the 2001 Dairy NRC in a computer model that allows for estimates of nutrient requirements and dynamic ration evaluation. 339 495 Td 462 578 Td 65 0 Td 52 548.46 140.8 10.86 re q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 276 550 Td 342 673 Td S 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg q 1 0 0 1 563 685 cm )Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 25.679 0 Td BT /T1_0 9 Tf 517 0 l B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (current ) Tj (8)Tj Q (.26)Tj Q 439.6 631.62 58.18 10.86 re S 314.14 409.86 64.3 10.86 re 254.98 465.3 57.16 10.86 re entitled "Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle," were updated in 1988 by a subcommittee on Dairy Cattle Nutrition of the National Research Council. 0 0 0 rg /T1_0 9 Tf /T1_0 9 Tf ET application/pdf 65 0 l B 0 0 0 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg All backorders will be released at the final established price. B 122 0 Td Disclaimer This fact sheet reflects the best available information on the topic as of the publication date. B 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg (0.38)Tj 2012-07-10T11:22:49-04:00 217 578 Td 0 0 0 rg (\(%\))Tj (Sunflower meal)Tj (.26)Tj 370 -14 l 314.14 465.3 64.3 10.86 re 122 0 Td Combined requirements for maintenance and milk production at various levels for cows of three different sizes producing 3.5% milk fat (NRC 1988.) S q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm 342 467 Td 51 747 Td (0.16)Tj (0.04)Tj ET ET 0 0 0 rg B 0 0 0 rg Protein NEL TDN Ca Phos A D (lb) (lb) (Mcal) (lb) (lb) (lb) -(1000 IU)1000 .98 7.86 7.58 .041 .029 34 14 1200 1.18 9.02 8.70 .049 .034 41 16 1400 1.37 10.12 9.76 .057 .040 48 19 *Add 20% for growth of lactating cows during first lactation. /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 m BT B /T1_0 9 Tf /T1_0 9 Tf (1.20)Tj ET 510 0 l We publish prepublications to facilitate timely access to the committee's findings. 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 217 522 Td B 339 605 Td BT 159 0 Td ET 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg Q /T1_0 9 Tf ET Q TERMS OF USE: This software is made available online as a service to the readers, and was neither produced by nor can be supported by the National Academies Press (NAP). Dairy Production342-450A Feeding during lactation Page 8 of 8 Table 1. BT 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg B B 380.44 631.62 57.16 10.86 re 58 550 Td (0.90)Tj S 0 0 0 rg Transition Whole Composition Colostrum Milk Milk Specific gravity 1.05 1.03 1.03 Solids, percent 23.9 14.1 12.9 Protein, percent 14.0 5.1 3.1 Casein, percent 4.8 3.8 2.5 59 0 l ET 314.14 631.62 64.3 10.86 re q 1 0 0 1 48 381 cm 0 0 0 rg BT As a courtesy, if the price increases by more than $3.00 we will notify you. 0 0 l Since 1944, the National Research Council has published six editions of Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. (Soybean silage)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 2. 0 -321 l 0 0 0 rg (Sugarcane bagasse)Tj (0.08)Tj BT You can pre-order a copy of the book and we will send it to you when it becomes available. 2012-07-10T11:22:49-04:00 BT /T1_0 9 Tf 221 467 Td /T1_0 9 Tf [(0.36)-4943(0.06)]TJ Download a PDF of "Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle" by the National Research Council for free. Dairy Cattle Nutrition ... necessary to understand the nutritional requirements of a dairy animal. q 1 0 0 1 48 700 cm BT Q B B B /T1_0 9 Tf S BT 404 495 Td 20.792 0 Td 0 0 0 rg 499.78 576.18 63.28 10.86 re 52 409.86 140.8 10.86 re 404 633 Td Calcium requirements are adjusted to 50 percent true absorption. (Wheat, whole)Tj /T1_0 9 Tf 0 g 0 G 0 i 0 J []0 d 0 j 1 w 10 M 0 Tc 0 Tw 100 Tz 0 TL 0 Tr 0 Ts 0 0 0 rg 0 0 0 rg 524 633 Td /T1_0 10 Tf Dairy Cattle Nutrition and the Environment, 13. 159 0 Td Nutrient guidelines for lactating dairy cows. Double-click dairy_setup.exe to launch the application. 0 0 0 rg S BT [(0.42)-4943(0.04)]TJ BT B Advances in management (i.e. (extension ) Tj The committee addresses important issues unique to dairy science-the dry or transition cow, udder edema, milk fever, low-fat milk, calf dehydration, and more. 0 0 0 rg 0 0 0 rg 339 550 Td 37.291 0 Td 0 0 0 rg You may request permission to: For most Academic and Educational uses no royalties will be charged although you are required to obtain a license and comply with the license terms and conditions. (0.18)Tj BT We have attempted in this new edition to focus more than in the past on considerations and criteria for establishing nutrient requirements. S 1 0 obj <><><>]/ON[34 0 R]/Order[]/RBGroups[]>>/OCGs[34 0 R]>>/PageMode/UseNone/Pages 2 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 32 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Fields 38 0 R>> endobj 33 0 obj <>stream /T1_0 9 Tf 159 0 Td (Table 5. 0 0 0 rg BT 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0 0 0 rg (0.44)Tj 58 0 Td BT (Wheat silage)Tj [(0.42)-4943(0.15)]TJ 0 0 0 rg 510 -1 l Pricing for a pre-ordered book is estimated and subject to change. Tropical dairy farming : feeding management for small holder dairy farmers in the humid tropics By John Moran, 312 pp., Landlinks Press, 2005 6 – Nutrient requirements of dairy cows 55 The following steps and Tables 6.1 to 6.3 can be used to calculate daily metabolisable energy requirements for: • … ET Unique Aspects of Dairy Cattle Nutrition, 10. For the first 68 wk of lactation, most dairy cows are in negative calcium balance, ie, calcium is mobilized from bone to meet the demand for milk production. (Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle)Tj 254.98 382.14 57.16 10.86 re /Fm0 Do ET (your ) Tj 499.78 465.3 63.28 10.86 re (.50)Tj 4 -12 Td 217 550 Td 0 0 0 rg q 1 0 0 1 48 379 cm B q 1 0 0 1 253 658 cm BT 254.98 493.02 57.16 10.86 re 0 0 m (0.40)Tj 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg /T1_1 9 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 404 439 Td /T1_0 9 Tf (see ) Tj q 1 0 0 1 51 745 cm 339 522 Td 194.8 493.02 58.18 10.86 re 122 0 Td NRC Dairy model (2001): Dairy Set Up 1.1.9 (.zip) Supportive Documentation for Above Programs (The following documents are in PDF form):. Cows can’t get quick access to water B q 1 0 0 1 51 698 cm B [(0.40)-4610(1.00)]TJ 0 0 m 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 58 0 Td /GS0 gs 517 -2 l ET q 1 0 0 1 51 698 cm (0.02)Tj (Soybean meal)Tj BT 0 0 0 rg BT BT B Modifications in the NRC Beef model (1996, 2000) and NRC Dairy model (2001) software 58 0 Td B 0 G (0.40)Tj 0 0 0 rg /T1_0 9 Tf 499.78 382.14 63.28 10.86 re 404 522 Td q 1 0 0 1 51 658 cm [(0.30)-4610(0.65)]TJ /T1_0 9 Tf 0 0 0 rg Q 380.44 548.46 57.16 10.86 re 159 0 Td practical importance in beef cattle. /T1_1 9 Tf 276 495 Td ET q 1 0 0 1 51 745 cm 52 603.9 140.8 10.86 re 159 0 Td This seventh revised edition, Nutrient Requirementsof Dairy Cattle2001, applies new information and technology to current issues in the field of dairycattle production. (http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu ) Tj -466 -14 Td Q current issues in dairy cattle production inasmuch as they affect nutrient requirements and animal feeding manage-ment, including new emphasis on environmental consider-ations in the feeding of dairy cattle. 220 673 Td (Soybean hay)Tj 159 0 Td S ET 0 0 m (0.01)Tj 0 0 0 rg 122 0 Td 524 522 Td 0 0 0 rg BT S B 194.8 382.14 58.18 10.86 re ET /T1_0 9 Tf /T1_0 9 Tf 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.824 0.824 0.824 rg 0.6303253 0 0 0.6303253 153 780.7203369 cm Q 65 0 Td 0.824 0.824 0.824 RG eBook files are now available for a large number of reports on the NAP.edu website. (0.25)Tj 159 0 Td (1.90)Tj 439.6 603.9 58.18 10.86 re 0 0 m /T1_0 9 Tf ET 0 -321 l /T1_0 9 Tf (.12)Tj 404 605 Td q 1 0 0 1 313 658 cm B (0.09)Tj 499.78 409.86 63.28 10.86 re 254.98 576.18 57.16 10.86 re (0.01)Tj /T1_1 9 Tf 12.837 0 Td BT nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. /T1_0 9 Tf Nutrient requirements of cattle change throughout the year based upon stage of the production cycle, age, sex, breed, level of activity, pest load, and environment. 194.8 576.18 58.18 10.86 re Click here to obtain permission for Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle: Seventh Revised Edition, 2001. ET /T1_0 9 Tf (0.01)Tj Pilot edition published as ‘Feeding Tasmanian Dairy Cows’ in March 1997 under the Targeting Our Productivity (TOP) Program initiative. 254.98 548.46 57.16 10.86 re (0.07)Tj 0 0 0 rg 553 747 Td )Tj Reports typically include findings, conclusions, and recommendations based on information gathered by the committee and the committee’s deliberations.

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